The Relationship between Religious Symbols and Intergroup Attitudes among Majority Group Members

April 26, 2020    Comment off

Proceedings of The 2nd International Conference on Future of Social Sciences

Year: 2019


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The Relationship between Religious Symbols and Intergroup Attitudes among Majority Group Members

Lipaz Shamoa-Nir1*, Irene Razpurker-Apfeld1



Negative intergroup attitudes cause serious social problems in many societies throughout the world. It seems that the negative consequences for out-group members stem from a combination of two contrasting processes, in-group preference and out-group derogation. As research has progressed, a growing interest has been shown inunderstanding the emergence of negative out-group attitudes while focusing on variables such as intergroup threat, contact between groups, social norms and religion. This study investigated the influence of exposure to religious concepts on prejudices andthreat perceptions of Jewish majority members towards Arab minority members in Israel. The aim of the study was to examine whether evoking religious content influenced out-group attitudes and perceived threat, and whether religiosity would moderate the effects. Participants completed a word search puzzle that served as a supraliminal priming task, and then filled questionnaires measuring their out-group attitudesand threat perceptions. It seems that supraliminal exposure to religious content does not havean impact on attitudes of a majority group towards a religious minority out-group possibly due to social desirability effects.Although this is a preliminary investigation, the results of this studyhighlight the contribution of religious content to intergroup attitudesformation for majority group members toward minority members.

Keywords: out-groupattitudes, prejudice, religious, Israel, threat, minority/majority

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Lipaz Shamoa-Nir

Zefat Academic College, Israel

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Irene Razpurker-Apfeld

Erbil Polytechnic University –Iraq

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